MSABI Sanitation Private Sector Training

The MSABI Sanitation team have finished working in the field with a particular focus on the village of Kiberege.  The team introduced Ecological sanitation (Eco San) latrines to communities living in that village from April to June 2013
MSABI aimed to see that rural communities are close to services related to water sanitation and hygiene (WASH Services). Considering the economic status of the rural people, MSABI is working hard to innovate simple but high quality technologies that can easily be adopted.
The MSABI Sanitation team have constructed Family starter model latrines for demonstrations. A family starter model is a toilet that costs USD150 and has a generic substructure that can be improved with additions.  Deluxe models can be built above the substructure - with the high end models costing around USD400.  This concept is based on the "climbing the ladder" approach, but has the added element of the technology protecting the environment.  Communities can now start to invest with a small amount of money starting to construct a family starter model and invest over time to upgrade to deluxe models.
As for product development MSABI accredited Masons were fully involved in each stage of designing the cheapest "quality" latrine that can be afforded by rural communities of all classes.

Figure 1: Sanitation project manager Mr Ismail leading a discussion with MSABI accredited masons on various sanitation products offered by MSABI (this picture was taken at Kiberege village).
 After some discussions and involvement of some stakeholders the MSABI sanitation department came up with three categories of Eco san latrines.
The first one is Family starter model which is a compost latrine. This latrine can only be upgraded to a family deluxe model by improving it, for example plastering the walls inside and outside, painting and tiling. This latrine is also be used for shower.

Figure 2: this is the family starter model latrine with bricks superstructure constructed at Kiberege village
The second option is family starter pro latrine, this design can at first be used as compost latrine but also it can be changed to a pour flush latrine. A family that will wish to install these Eco san latrines will have a number of choices and then decide on which structure is suitable for his/her family and also fit with existing environment, for example installing pour flush latrine water should always be available.

Figure 4: Pour flush latrine (family starter pro) installed at Mkasu-Kiberege village. These types of latrines are supported by mound which is constructed at the back of the latrine for waste water treatment before reaching the ground.
There is also a family starter pro model where the substructure is constructed with bricks and concrete slab on it, but the superstructure was constructed by trees and mud. And this is the cheapest latrine that can be afforded with poor families. Its initial investment ranges up to 165 US dollar.
The substructure is permanently constructed to carry any superstructure constructed on top of it, it can be with mud like this one or even bricks as the family will decide to invest in stages.

Figure 4: A family starter pro latrine with mad superstructure and privacy wall constructed by bamboo and coconut leaves (this picture was taken at Gezaulole-Kiberege village).
The importance of Eco san latrines are clearly observed on some countries that have made big steps on using Eco san latrines, for example environmental protections particularly underground water, manure production, reducing the spread of diseases such as diarrhoea. These and many other factors are the one that gives MSABI the heart to continue promoting these Eco san latrines.  We believe all families that start with a small investment on a family starter and family starter pro will slowly keep investing to improve their facility to the last high stage which is the family deluxe model.

By Benedict Mgubike